Topic Wiki

Quick tips on random subjects that come up in between classes (will add as we go along):

Food photography tips
Newborn photography tips

Table of Contents (I'll change each line to a link as we go along.)

Introduction

1) Choosing a camera: Point and Shoot vs. Mirrorless vs. DSLR
2) Camera specs: What do they mean, and which ones matter to me?
3) Exposure Basics Part 1 - the shutter speed/aperture/ISO triangle
4) Exposure Basics Part 2 - getting to know your mode dial, and other exposure controls
5) All about memory cards
6) Using ultra-wide lenses





Lenses 101 - technology, terminology, and specs, zooms vs. primes, basic/advanced/unique lenses

Lighting 101 - focusing specifically on easy to afford and easy to use setups
Small flash - on camera, off camera, modifiers and accessories
Studio strobes
Continuous lighting - fluorescent, LED, and halogen
Basic light modifiers - umbrellas, softboxes, gels, reflectors
Basic supports - lightstands, umbrella brackets, backgrounds, etc.

All about accessories - memory cards, tripods, bags, filters, remotes, adapters, grips, geotaggers, and more)


So I bought all my stuff - now what?

What makes a compelling photograph?
Depth of field
Composition basics - rule of thirds, perspective, framing
Advanced composition - negative space, inclusion and exclusion, compression
Light - natural, golden hour, basic flash usage.

Let's start shooting...

Kids:
In the park
Playing sports
At home

Landscapes and wildlife:
"Grand" landscapes
"Intimate" landscapes
Seascapes
Waterfalls
Cityscapes
Wildlife
Birds in flight
Shooting in bad weather

Portraits:
Babies and newborns
Single person - indoors
Single person - outdoors
Families/siblings/groups
Natural light
Artificial light - simple
Artificial light - complex
Mixed light

Others:
Close up and macro
Product photography

How do I...? (Some specific scenarios/techniques - Basic)
Shoot out of a plane window?
Shoot underwater?
Shoot compelling black-and-white?

How do I...? (Some specific scenarios/techniques - Advanced)
HDR
Long exposures
Light painting
Twilight landscapes
Milky Way
Star trails

Basic editing concepts:
Exposure
Contrast
Clarity/sharpening
Color
Layers and masking

Poll

What type of camera do shoot with?

Point & Shoot - basic (Canon Elph style) or Smartphone
115 (38.5%)
Point & Shoot - advanced (Canon S100 or G Style)
42 (14%)
Mirrorless
23 (7.7%)
DSLR - consumer (Up to a Nikon D5200 or Canon Rebel)
67 (22.4%)
DSLR - prosumer or pro (Nikon D7000 or Canon 60D and up)
26 (8.7%)
P&S, but I plan on getting an SLR or Mirrorless in the near future
26 (8.7%)

Total Members Voted: 245

Author Topic: Learn Photography Master Thread  (Read 159086 times)

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #270 on: December 08, 2013, 12:00:03 AM »
Thanks for the great article. I enjoy your writing style.

:D
Thanks.
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Offline Yeki89

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #271 on: December 10, 2013, 08:21:11 AM »
Free food photography course

https://www.udemy.com/basic-food-photography/

Coupon FREEDAY

Offline Let3

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #272 on: December 10, 2013, 12:37:38 PM »
So I just got my dslr (thanks something fishy :)  )
And just had my sons pidyan haben yesterday!

My wife would like to now take some portraits of our cutee ...
I know it's way down on your list - portraits for newborns- but maybe you can give me some short tips,
As idk if hell still be a newborn by the time you get there :)

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #273 on: December 10, 2013, 02:07:26 PM »
So I just got my dslr (thanks something fishy :)  )
And just had my sons pidyan haben yesterday!

My wife would like to now take some portraits of our cutee ...
I know it's way down on your list - portraits for newborns- but maybe you can give me some short tips,
As idk if hell still be a newborn by the time you get there :)

OK - some short and sweet tips:

1) Make sure he's in a good mood. After a feeding, after a nap. It's a simple thing that many people forget.

2) Get close. Shoot closeups and lots of details. Face, hands, feet.







Remember when you get close to not simply move the camera closer. Rather use the longest setting on your zoom and back up if needed. This is due to something called lens distortion and compression which I'll cover in detail in due time. But for now look at these examples and you'll see why you should do that.

I couldn't find any pictures to illustrate this at the moment, so for now these creepy pictures of my wife's shaitel head will have to suffice :P. The first picture was taken at 24mm full frame (Just about 18mm on an APS-C camera such as an NEX), while the second picture was taken at 85mm (similar to 55mm on APS-C). Note that while both pictures show the exact same view, in the first one the entire face distorted. The chin, nose, and forehead are all stretched out, while the lips appear to grow the further right you go. All I did to the second picture is use a longer lens and back up a bit - but now, instead of being grotesque, the entire face is rendered in a very flattering way.



3) Use soft light. Babies are soft and round, so the light should match. No flash or harsh fluorescent lighting. Use the biggest window you have, preferably one facing north. If the window faces east or wast the light will be harsher, so diffuse the light by either draping a white bed sheet over the window (a white shower curtain works well too), or if you have them, draw the thin white curtains.

If you do this, you may find that the far side (away from the window) is slightly dark. Hold up a white pillowcase or blanket to bounce some light back. Anything white would really work for this, even oaktag or something similar.

The first picture is straight-up window light - notice how her hair is very dark with hardly any detail to it. In the next picture I had someone hold up a white blanket - it bounced just enough light back to open up the shadows and bring out the detail.





4) Use your largest aperture. This will make the background go blurry and keep the focus on the baby.

5) You don't need any fancy equipment. All the pictures above were take with simple window light and a white pillowcase as a reflector. In the close-up pictures she's being held by her father, who was wearing a white shirt - simple and safe. In the pictures where she's lying down I took two chairs, laid a large pillow across them, and covered it with a pink blanket. The background is a simple bed sheet. (For safety, the mother hands are right outside the picture ready to grab the baby if she as much twitches.)

6) Remember to focus on the important pictures :D.

« Last Edit: December 10, 2013, 02:19:21 PM by Something Fishy »
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Offline jaywhy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #274 on: December 10, 2013, 03:29:02 PM »
Nice!

Minor quibble.
FWIU, won't there be pincushion distortion at the longest end of most lenses? Especially the lenses that most here are likely using.
Or do you hold that the increased DOF cancels it out? ;)

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #275 on: December 10, 2013, 03:34:02 PM »
Nice!

Minor quibble.
FWIU, won't there be pincushion distortion at the longest end of most lenses? Especially the lenses that most here are likely using.
Or do you hold that the increased DOF cancels it out? ;)

The slight pincushion distortion you'd sometimes find at 55/105/135mm is nothing compared to wide angle distortion. At worst, it'll make the nose a drop smaller, which most people would prefer anyways, to tele still wins.

If you look closely at the first picture, you'd notice some barrel distortion in the background. That, too, is nothing compared to the WA distortion in the picture.
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Offline ari9

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #276 on: December 10, 2013, 03:58:03 PM »
thanks for the newborn mini lesson!
now I have to go try this out

Offline Let3

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #277 on: December 10, 2013, 04:33:05 PM »
Thanks a mil!!
Will try as soon as I'm a bit comfortable with the camera ...

Offline Little Bob

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #278 on: December 12, 2013, 10:05:20 PM »
I recently bought the Cannon s110. I have been trying to blur the background on my shots. While shooting macro I have been able to, but with regular shoots I haven't been able to even when the aperture is at f/2.0. any advice, or is this camera not capable of blurring the background even at such a high aperture?

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #279 on: December 12, 2013, 10:44:39 PM »
I recently bought the Cannon s110. I have been trying to blur the background on my shots. While shooting macro I have been able to, but with regular shoots I haven't been able to even when the aperture is at f/2.0. any advice, or is this camera not capable of blurring the background even at such a high aperture?

The biggest contributor to blurry backgrounds (after a large aperture) is the sensor size. The sensor on the s110 is simply not capable of doing that, it's too small. You could however squeeze a bit more blur out by doing the other things that help - namely shooting at the lens' longest setting and putting a lot of space between your subject and background.
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Offline Centro

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #280 on: December 13, 2013, 01:10:50 PM »
Mr Something Fishy!

I must tell you I have no words to thank you for your rich written posts full of info, I enjoyed every word of it and learned so much,
You answer everyone's questions and comments with no problem,
One can ask a simple question and you'll answer with a 5 paragraph post,
It's really nice of you and hoshem should repay you!!

Now to my question ;)
Any recommendations on which SD card to use or its not much of a difference?

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #281 on: December 13, 2013, 01:39:32 PM »
Mr Something Fishy!

I must tell you I have no words to thank you for your rich written posts full of info, I enjoyed every word of it and learned so much,
You answer everyone's questions and comments with no problem,
One can ask a simple question and you'll answer with a 5 paragraph post,
It's really nice of you and hoshem should repay you!!

Thanks for the kind words :D. It's my pleasure.

Now to my question ;)
Any recommendations on which SD card to use or its not much of a difference?

It actually is much of a difference. After shabbos I'll try to post a 5 paragraph answer (at least ;))getting into all the details.
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Offline Achas Veachas

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #282 on: December 13, 2013, 01:40:51 PM »

It actually is much of a difference. After shabbos I'll try to post a 5 paragraph answer (at least ;))getting into all the details.
Really? i would have never thought...
Curiosity made the cat smarter.

Offline Something Fishy

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #283 on: December 13, 2013, 01:41:59 PM »
Really? i would have never thought...

Then it'll be a surprise ;D
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Offline Achas Veachas

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Re: Learn Photography Master Thread
« Reply #284 on: December 13, 2013, 01:48:43 PM »
This thread teaches every time....
Curiosity made the cat smarter.